The United States Marshals Service, Judicial Security Division (JSD), is committed to the protection of the judicial process – by ensuring the safe and secure conduct of judicial proceedings and protecting federal judges, jurors and other members of the federal judiciary. This mission is accomplished by anticipating and deterring threats to the judiciary, and the continuous development and employment of innovative protective techniques. The JSD is organized into two program areas, Judicial Operations and Judicial Services.
Judicial Operations is a collection of national programs, led by a Deputy Assistant Director who has oversight of the National Center for Judicial Security, the Office of Protective Operations, the Office of Protective Intelligence and the Office of Management and Administration. Working together through resource and information sharing, these missions intertwine to create a synergy intended to ensure effective security of judicial officials, USMS personnel, and the visiting public. Judicial Operations utilizes a national network of operational personnel (Deputy U.S. Marshals) and support staff to effectively manage personal and facility security programs around the globe.
Office of Protective Intelligence
The Office of Protective Intelligence (OPI) is comprised of Senior Inspectors, Intelligence Research Specialists, and Investigative Analysts that provide guidance, coordination, and recommendations in the behavior based approach to protective investigations initiated by district personnel responsible for investigating threats and inappropriate communications directed at the judiciary, U.S. Attorneys, and other court officers. OPI supports the protective mission of the USMS by collecting, analyzing, and disseminating information and protective intelligence, both classified and unclassified, in the form of information bulletins, alert notices, protective intelligence briefs, threat assessments, and foreign travel briefings. OPI also supports the protective mission by managing the intake function for all USMS Protective Investigations and providing analysis and quality control on all new threat and inappropriate communications cases. In addition, OPI provides a 24/7 response capability through the Threat Management Center and facilitates information sharing within the USMS and with other state, local, and federal law enforcement and intelligence agencies. In fiscal year 2012, 1,370 threats and inappropriate communications against USMS protectees were investigated, analyzed, and assessed to determine the levels of risk and potential for danger.
Office of Protective Operations
The Office of Protective Operations (OPO) provides guidance and support to district offices and Judicial Security Inspectors (JSIs) conducting high threat proceedings and protective responses. OPO also provides supervision, support and guidance for protective details for the Justices of the U.S. Supreme Court, all members of the federal judiciary, to include U.S. Tax Court and other high-level government dignitaries, including the Director of the Office of National Drug Control Policy (ONDCP), the Deputy Attorney General, U.S. Attorneys and Assistant U.S. Attorneys. On any given day, the USMS is responsible for safeguarding more than 2,200 sitting judges, and approximately 10,000 other court officials at over 400 court facilities throughout the United States and its territories. In fiscal year 2012, 1,370 threats/inappropriate communications against USMS protectees were investigated, analyzed, and assessed – some of which resulted in around-the-clock protective details.
On a daily basis, USMS personnel assigned to the Office of Protective Operations deploy state-of-the-art protective techniques, equipment, and counter-measures. These skills and abilities are deployed in a proactive manner, but can assure rapid, thorough, and safe responses to almost any emergency situation, including a terrorist attack and natural disasters. Additionally, these skills and abilities allow for unobtrusive surveillance and protection during routine judicial security operations.
National Center for Judicial Security
The USMS established the National Center for Judicial Security (NCJS) in fiscal year 2008. The goal of the NCJS is to provide educational, operational, and technical functionality to its customers, which include municipal, city, county, state, Federal, and international jurisdictions, in the areas of security operations of their respective court systems and the protection of members of the judiciary and extended court family.
Office of Management and Administration
The Office of Management and Administration (OMA) serves as the center of expertise within the Judicial Security Division (JSD) to essentially manage the business processes of JSD by providing guidance and assistance to JSD staff to ensure that program areas meet directives from the JSD Assistant Director.
The OMA staff coordinates the majority of the personnel, budget, finance, procurement, employee development and training initiatives, property accountability, fleet management, special projects, congressional and departmental correspondence, audit and inspection functions, strategic planning, records management, information technology, data systems, and other related business functions.
Judicial Services is a national program in the Judicial Security Division led by a Deputy Assistant Director that has oversight for programs funded by the Administrative Office of the United States Courts (AOUSC) court security appropriation. The funding provides for the Court Security Officer (CSO) program, security equipment and systems for space occupied by the judiciary and for U.S. Marshals Service employees to administer the daily functions. The Judicial Services is separated into four oversight areas: the Office of Court Security is responsible for the daily operations and personnel management of the CSO program, the Office of Security Contracts performs the daily contract responsibilities with the private contractors and the district Contract Officer Technical Representatives, the Office of Security Systems is responsible for all security and monitoring systems for judicial space, and the Office of Financial Management & Administration has the daily oversight responsibility of a $420 million budget.
Office of Court Security
The Office of Court Security (OCS) has primary responsibility for ensuring that the CSOs protect the judiciary and court family – as well as thousands of jurors, attorneys and visitors entering court facilities across the nation. The OCS determines resource needs and develops and enhances program operations and contract requirements for the CSOs. The OCS also provides day-to-day operational guidance to U.S. Marshals Service senior management officials in each district office.
Currently, more than 5,000 CSOs with certified law enforcement experience are deployed at more than 400 court facilities in the United States and its territories. All CSOs are required to pass a comprehensive screening process to ensure that specific background, physical, medical and weapons qualifications standards are met.
Office of Security Contracts
The Office of Security Contracts provides acquisition support to the Judicial Security Division primarily in the area of court security. This office is responsible for the full range of acquisition functions for security services, equipment, systems and maintenance.
The bulk of acquisitions performed in this office is related to the CSO Program. Contracts are awarded to each of the twelve Judicial Circuits for court security services to be performed in all 94 Judicial Districts. An interagency agreement between the AOUSC provides funding and contracting authority for the CSO security services. The estimated annual value of all 12 CSO contracts is approximately $330 million.
The second major contracting function of OSC is the support of the Office of Security Systems which is responsible for the physical security of the U.S. Courts through the installation and maintenance of security equipment and systems. The OSC has established a nationwide contract for installation of new equipment and security systems in renovated and newly constructed facilities.
The third area of contracting support provided by OSC is in the Home Intrusion Detection System (HIDS) Program through the Office of Courthouse Management. Under the HIDS Program, commercial available home alarm systems and centralized monitoring are procured for Federal Judicial participants residents.
OSC provides contractual support for other services, supplies and equipment related to the overall operation of JSD. These are primarily delivery orders (against GSA Schedule), purchase orders and credit card purchases. Most of the funding used in contracts for OSC is AOUSC related funding.
Office of Security Systems
The Office of Security Systems (OSS) is responsible for all aspects of electronic and physical security system budgeting, design, installation, construction, maintenance and service for the Federal judiciary. OSS facilitates security planning with all court offices, security committees and other Federal agencies, for a comprehensive and coordinated security approach.
OSS is responsible for security equipment at nearly 900 court facilities throughout the United States and its territories. The OSS Physical Security Program is one of the largest centrally managed physical security programs in the Federal government. Other Federal, state and local agencies look to OSS for managerial and technical guidance. The OSS has developed internationally recognized standards for courthouse public lobby design, and leads in the application of new CCTV, access control and IDS alarm technologies for the courthouse environment.
Office of Financial Management and Administration
The Office of Financial Management and Administration (OFMA) is responsible for all budget and financial aspects for the efficient and effective operation of the Judicial Facility Security Program (JFSP) and has daily oversight responsibility of a $420,000,000 budget in FY 2012. OFMA is also responsible for the Judicial Services administrative functions, including those related to human resources, property tracking, procurement and website management. The USMS receives an annual funding transfer from the Administrative Office of the United States Courts (AOUSC) for the purpose of implementing a court security program at Federal courthouses throughout the country. This funding, designated as the 0930 appropriation is utilized to:
- Award and monitor contracts for over 5,000 court security officers (CSOs) nationwide;
- Provide for the installation and maintenance of security equipment, and construction of physical security measures, in facilities occupied by Judicial Branch entities; and
- Cover a portion of the USMS expenses to administer JFSP.